holADNA polymerase III subunit delta
Escherichia coli str. K-12 substr. MG1655
Part of the beta sliding clamp loading complex, which hydrolyzes ATP to load the beta clamp onto primed DNA to form the DNA replication pre-initiation complex (PubMed:2040637). DNA polymerase III is a complex, multichain enzyme responsible for most of the replicative synthesis in bacteria. This DNA polymerase also exhibits 3'-5' exonuclease activity. The delta subunit is the wrench that will open the beta subunit dimer, which has been modeled to leave a gap large enough for ssDNA to pass through (PubMed:11525728). The gamma complex (gamma(3),delta,delta') is thought to load beta dimers onto DNA by binding ATP which alters the complex's conformation so it can bind beta sliding clamp dimers and open them at one interface. Primed DNA is recognized, ATP is hydrolyzed releasing the gamma complex and closing the beta sliding clamp ring around the primed DNA (PubMed:9927437).
37 C, shaking 300 rpm
3' - AATG … GCTT - 5'
ColE1 High Copy
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